The area of a surface around a point sound source increases with the square of the distance from the source. This means that the same sound energy from the source is distributed over a larger area and the energy intensity reduces with the square of the distance from the source (Inverse Square Law).
For every doubling of distance, the sound level reduces by 6 decibels (dB), (e.g. moving from 10 to 20 metres away from a sound source). But the next 6dB reduction means moving from 20 to 40 metres, then from 40 to 80 metres for a further 6dB reduction.